International Journal of Cardiology and Lipidology Research  (Volume 2 Issue 1)
 Diet and Inflammation: Effects of Macronutrients and Dietary Patterns IJCLR-JHome
Pages 7-13

Aline Marcadenti, Francisca Mosele, Mirna Stela Ludwig, Thiago Gomes Heck and Erlon Oliveira de Abreu-Silva

Published: 21 March 2015
 Cardiovascular disease (CVD) has already been demonstrated to be related to a chronic and complex inflammatory process, in which the loss of endothelial protective properties - the so-called endothelial dysfunction - plays a central role. A number of different approaches, both pharmacological and non-pharmacological, have been tested with inconclusive results so far. One field of special interest is the impact of the different macronutrients and dietary patterns in the inflammatory response that, ultimately, leads to endothelial dysfunction and increased cardio-metabolic risk. Although apparently simple, interventions regarding dietary habits have complex implications and involve a number of covariates that may interfere in the final results. To date, results about the protective effects of diet - in general - regarding cardio-metabolic risk remain to be fully proven.
 Inflammation, Endothelial dysfunction, Macronutrients, Diet, Metabolism, Cardiovascular risk.