International Journal of Membrane Science and Technology  (Volume 1 Issue 1)
 Numerical Ways to Characterize the Deterioration of Nanofiltration Membranes International Journal of Membrane Science and Technology
Pages 1-8

S. Déon, P. Dutournié, L. Limousy, P. Bourseau and P. Fievet

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15379/2410-1869.2014.01.01.1


Published: 05 December 2014
Abstract
 In this study, a transport model is used to characterize structural and physico-chemical changes in a nanofiltration membrane during the filtration of ionic mixtures. The membrane state is analyzed by a set of four model parameters identified from glucose and salts filtration: the membrane water permeability (Lp), the mean pore radius (rp), the membrane charge density (Xd), and the dielectric constant of the solution inside pores (ep). The study of these structural and physico-chemical properties allows us to determine if deterioration or fouling occurred during filtration. Two distinct identification procedures from filtration of synthetic solutions are investigated in this paper. One is based on the filtration of single salt solutions, whereas the other lies in parameters identification from mixtures containing at least three ions. These methods are applied here to characterize influence of fouling deposit formation and membrane cleaning.
Keywords
 Nanofiltration, Transport model, Membrane characterization, Fouling.
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