International Journal of Membrane Science and Technology  (Volume 2 Issue 2)
 Membrane Bioreactor in China: A Critical Review International Journal of Membrane Science and Technology
Pages 29-47

Olusegun K. Abass, Xing Wu, Youzhi Guo and Kaisong Zhang

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15379/2410-1869.2015.02.02.04


Published: 30 November 2015
Abstract
The application of membrane bioreactor (MBR) for wastewater treatment and reuse has received ample scientific and industrial considerations due to its potential for improved effluent quality, strong anti-shock loading capacity, less residual sludge and small footprint. Particularly in 2006, since the first operation of a large-scale MBR in China, it’s acceptability for wastewater reclamation had nearly tripled in recent years. This rigorous review work focus on the overall operational chain for the MBR system with attention placed on the Chinese MBR market, fouling characteristics, energy costs, and application trend in China. Recent developments in membrane materials, compositions, and properties are summarized. Roles of cake-layer formation, extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) and hydrodynamic effect on membrane fouling are critically assessed. Lastly, future perspective regarding long term development of MBR applications in China and potential areas of fouling mitigation are identified.
Keywords
 wastewater treatment, MBR market, industrial applications, membrane bioreactor (MBR), membrane fouling.
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